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Differences between cropland and rangeland MODIS phenology (start-of-season) in Mali

Bégué A., Vintrou E., Saad A.. 2014. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 31 : p. 167-170.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.024

Start-of-season data are more and more used to qualify the land surface phenology trends in relation with climate variability and, more rarely, with human land management. In this paper, we compared the phenology of rangeland vs cropped land in the Sahel belt of Africa, using the only currently available global phenology product (MODIS MCD12Q2 - Land Cover Dynamics Yearly), and an enhanced crop mask of Mali. The differences in terms of start-of-season (SOS) are spatially (north south gradient), and temporally (10 years, 2001-2009) analyzed in bioclimatic terms. Our results show that globally the MODIS MCD12Q2 SOS dates of croplands and rangelands differ, and that these differences depend on the bioclimatic zone. In Sahelian and Guinean regions, cropland vegetation begins to grow earlier than rangeland vegetation (8-day and 4-day advance, respectively). Between, in the Sudanian and Sudano-Sahelian parts of Mali, rangeland vegetation greens about one week earlier than croplands. These results are discussed in the context of the land surface heterogeneity at MODIS scale, and in the context of the natural vegetation ecology. These results could help interpreting phenological trends in climate change analysis.

Mots-clés : terre cultivée; utilisation des terres; terre abandonnée; phénologie; télédétection; modèle; végétation; couverture végétale; pâturages; parcours; changement climatique; pratique culturale; facteur climatique; zone agroclimatique; zone climatique; mali; sahel; zone soudano-sahélienne; zone guinéenne; zone soudanienne

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