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Biomedical terminology extraction: a new combination of statistical and web mining approaches

Lossio Ventura J.A., Jonquet C., Roche M., Teisseire M.. 2014. In : Emilie Née,. Proceedings of the 12th international Conference on Textual Data statistical Analysis (JADT 2014), Paris, June, 3-6 2014. s.l. : s.n., p. 421-432. International Conference on Textual Data statistical Analysis. 12, 2014-06-03/2014-06-06, Paris (France).

The objective of this work is to combine statistical and web mining methods for the automatic extraction, and ranking of biomedical terms from free text. We present new extraction methods that use linguistic patterns specialized for the biomedical field, and use term extraction measures, such as C-value, and keyword extraction measures, such as Okapi BM25, and TFIDF. We propose several combinations of these measures to improve the extraction and ranking process and we investigate which combinations are more relevant for different cases. Each measure gives us a ranked list of candidate terms that we finally re-rank with a new web-based measure. Our experiments show, first that an appropriate harmonic mean of C-value used with keyword extraction measures offers better precision results than used alone, either for the extraction of single-word and multi-word terms; second, that best precision results are often obtained when we re-rank using the web-based measure. We illustrate our results on the extraction of English and French biomedical terms from a corpus of laboratory tests available online in both languages. The results are validated by only using UMLS (in English) and MeSH (in French) as reference dictionary.

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