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Factors affecting collective action for forest fire management: A comparative study of community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal

Sapkota L.M., Shrestha R.P., Jourdain D., Shivakoti G.P.. 2015. Environmental Management, 55 (1) : p. 171-186.

The attributes of social ecological systems affect the management of commons. Strengthening and enhancing social capital and the enforcement of rules and sanctions aid in the collective action of communities in forest fire management. Using a set of variables drawn from previous studies on the management of commons, we conducted a study across 20 community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal, by dividing the groups into two categories based on the type and level of their forest fire management response. Our study shows that the collective action in forest fire management is consistent with the collective actions in other community development activities. However, the effectiveness of collective action is primarily dependent on the complex interaction of various variables. We found that strong social capital, strong enforcement of rules and sanctions, and users' participation in crafting the rules were the major variables that strengthen collective action in forest fire management. Conversely, users' dependency on a daily wage and a lack of transparency were the variables that weaken collective action. In fire-prone forests such as the Siwalik, our results indicate that strengthening social capital and forming and enforcing forest fire management rules are important variables that encourage people to engage in collective action in fire management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : approches participatives; droit agricole et rural; communauté rurale; aménagement forestier; forêt collective; gestion des ressources naturelles; protection de la forêt; réglementation forestière; participation communautaire; incendie de forêt; forêt tropicale; népal

Thématique : Foresterie - Considérations générales; Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection; Législation; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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