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Rural youth, agriculture and access to land: the case of Madagascar

Andriamanalina B.S., Burnod P., Rakotomalala H., Deschênes S.. 2014. In : Conference on Land Policy in Africa "The next decade of land policy in Africa: ensuring agricultural development and inclusive growth". 11-14 November 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. s.l. : s.n., p. 1-16. Conference on Land Policy in Africa, 2014-11-11/2014-11-14, Addis Ababa (Ethiopie).

Every year, about 250,000 rural youth integrate the labour market. They could engage in agriculture that holds a huge potential, but to that end, they face many challenges, and above all, they need a secure land access. Based on qualitative and quantitative data from surveys of 1,800 households residing in 9 communes of Madagascar, this paper analyses the profile of rural youth, their perception of farmer job, their land access and the constraints which limit their integration in agriculture. It highlights that young households have small land areas with respect to their elders (1.5 ha on average against 2.6 ha) because of more constrained access to land. Indeed, one-third of young households do not inherit land, more than a half buy land and having access to cleared land is more and more difficult. Attached to their territory and rooted in local social networks, they are calling for policies that support the development of their activities and access to land at local level. (Résumé d'auteur)

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