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Role, distribution and perspective of camel breeding in the third millennium economies

Although, it is occupying quantitavely a marginal place among the domestic herbivorous (0.4% only of the world domestic herbivorous), the large camelids (dromedary and Bactrian) are present in almost all the arid lands of the old world (except in Southern Africa), being wide spreading over 35 million km². They are overall remarkable valorizators of these spaces by their productive potential and by their role in the agro-ecosystemic balance of the arid lands, especially with the current climatic changes. Elsewhere, they are known for their physiological peculiarities linked to their adaptation ability to harsh conditions of the desert and of its margin. In consequence, they represent a fabulous biological model for the scientists from different disciplines. Their place in the "modern world" has to be re-evaluated by considering these trends and these particularities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : viande de chameau; production laitière; lait de chamelle; produit animal; utilisation; distribution géographique; population animale; dynamique des populations; Élevage; analyse économique; durabilité; changement climatique; amélioration des animaux; chameau; dromadaire; camelidae; monde; camelus dromedarius; camelus bactrianus

Thématique : Elevage - Considérations générales; Economie et politique du développement; Economie de la production; Météorologie et climatologie

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