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Evolution of compatibility range in the rice-Magnaporthe oryzae system: An uneven distribution of R genes between rice subspecies

Gallet R., Fontaine C., Bonnot F., Milazzo J., Tertois C., Adreit H., Ravigné V., Fournier E., Tharreau D.. 2016. Phytopathology, 106 (4) : p. 348-354.

Efficient strategies for limiting the impact of pathogens on crops require a good understanding of the factors underlying the evolution of compatibility range for the pathogens and host plants, i.e. the set of host genotypes that a particular pathogen genotype can infect and the set of pathogen genotypes that can infect a particular host genotype. Until now, little is known about the evolutionary and ecological factors driving compatibility ranges in systems implicating crop plants. We studied the evolution of host and pathogen compatibility ranges for rice blast disease, which is caused by the ascomycete Magnaporthe oryzae. We challenged 61 rice varieties from three rice subspecies with 31 strains of M. oryzae collected worldwide from all major known genetic groups. We determined the compatibility range of each plant variety and pathogen genotype and the severity of each plant-pathogen interaction. Compatibility ranges differed between rice subspecies, with the most resistant subspecies selecting for pathogens with broader compatibility ranges and the least resistant subspecies selecting for pathogens with narrower compatibility ranges. These results are consistent with a nested distribution of R genes between rice subspecies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; magnaporthe grisea; plante hôte; relation hôte pathogène; pouvoir pathogène; variété; génotype; interactions biologiques; amélioration des plantes; résistance génétique; résistance aux organismes nuisibles; infection; Évolution; expérimentation; france

Thématique : Maladies des plantes; Génétique et amélioration des plantes

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