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Utilization of thermodesorption coupled to GC¿MS to study stability of different wood species to thermodegradation

Candelier K., Chaouch M., Dumarçay S., Pétrissans A., Pétrissans M., Gerardin P.. 2011. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 92 (2) : p. 376-383.

Thermodesorption coupled to gas chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy (TD-GC¿MS) has been investigated to identify volatile degradation products generated during wood heat treatment by mild pyrolysis. For this purpose, wood samples of different softwood and hardwood species have been heat treated under nitrogen for different temperatures comprised between 180 and 230 °C during 15 min in the glass thermal desorption tube of the thermodesorber and the volatile wood degradation products trapped. The trapped products were then thermodesorbed and analysed by GC¿MS. Chromatograms of the different samples indicated the formation of different products resulting from degradation of lignin and hemicelluloses. Hardwoods were shown to be more sensitive to thermodegradation than softwoods, for which degradation products appear at slightly higher temperature. The important formation of acetic acid is concomitant with the formation of most of degradation products and at the origin of the difference of reactivity observed between softwoods and hardwoods. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : azote; température; acide acétique; hémicellulose; lignine; composition chimique; dégradation thermique; pyrolyse; populus nigra; fraxinus excelsior; fagus sylvatica; abies alba; pinus sylvestris; bois

Thématique : Technologie des produits forestiers; Sources d'énergie renouvelable

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