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Reactive oxygen species in Hevea brasiliensis latex and relevance to tapping panel dryness

Zhang Y., Leclercq J., Montoro P.. 2017. Tree Physiology, 37 (2) : p. 261-269.

Environmental stress can lead to oxidative stress resulting from an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and involves redox adjustments. Natural rubber is synthesized in laticifers, which is a non-photosynthetic tissue particularly prone to oxidative stress. This paper reviews the current state of knowledge on the ROS production and ROS-scavenging systems in laticifers. These regulations have been the subject of intense research into a physiological syndrome, called Tapping Panel Dryness (TPD), affecting latex production in Hevea brasiliensis. In order to prevent TPD occurrence, monitoring thiol content appeared to be a crucial factor of latex diagnosis. Thiols, ascorbate and ?-tocotrienol are the major antioxidants in latex. They are involved in membrane protection from ROS and likely have an effect on the quality of raw rubber. Some transcription factors might play a role in the redox regula- tory network in Hevea, in particular ethylene response factors, which have been the most intensively studied given the role of ethylene on rubber production. Current challenges for rubber research and development with regard to redox systems will involve improving antioxidant capacity using natural genetic variability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : hevea brasiliensis; biochimie; oxygène; photosynthèse; Éthylène; latex; production; antioxydant; variation génétique; physiologie végétale; composition chimique

Thématique : Physiologie et biochimie végétales

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