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Assessment and Monitoring of the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Danone-Egypt Ecosystem Project and Perspectives for Milk Collection Centers (MCC): Analysis at Farm & Community Level Related to Local Development. Methodology and global socioeconomic impact assessment at family and local level. Final report SIADEEP

Alary V., Daburon A., Martin V., Vigne M., Lurton G., Aboulmaaty H., Mekki Ben Jemaa M.. 2017. s.l. : CIRAD, 82 p..

The IA study at farm level shows the overall positive effects of trainings, feed unit combined with good AI services on the economic performances of milk activity. However, these effects are related to each DEEP-MCC according to their management, the way to implement the trainings and to facilitate the access to services. Moreover, these positive effects are limited to the direct beneficiaries of the DEEP project. 2. Increased milk productivity and unit margin have the higher impact on the family net income for smallscale mixed crop-livestock systems in the old lands that have the most constraining factors regarding land access and education. We have estimated an average increase of the net income per capita of about 836 and 2500 egp/capita between 2014 and 2016 in the two MCC-communities of Beni Suef and a relative increase of 41% of the milk net income for direct beneficiaries of the DEEP project. 3. Table 5.Contribution of milk in the family net income per capitaMCC has contributed to increase the attractiveness of dairy sector in the villages. Indeed farmers invested in dairy activity (Chapter 2), milk production increased at community level. If it can't be only related to MCC, the MCC definitively contributed to this dynamic. The last year of the follow-up, the economic crises in Egypt challenged this trend. Moreover, this trend is mainly depending on the ability of the DEEP project to sustain the relationship with farmers and MCC. 4. The positive impacts on living conditions in terms of well-being (net income) and nutrition (family protein supply) are positive in 2016, i.e. 6 years after the start of the DEEP project. So improved livelihoods with dairy activities need time in link with the low milk contribution in the total family net income and the nature of investment in large ruminants (that represent a huge capital for these farm types). 5. Farmers have highlighted two positive changes in the community: (i) The development of services in the livestock sector. Before the MCC implementation, the majority of the agricultural services were oriented to crop improvement (seed, fertilizer supply mainly). This service supply has largely neglected the livestock sector while livestock constituted always a strong pillar of the farm system. (ii) Reduction of (private) traders' monopole for milk price system. During the phase of start-up, the DEEP-MCC practiced attractive milk prices that have globally raised the level of milk purchasing prices in the community. In this context, farmers have observed and appreciated the new concurrence that was in their favor in terms of milk prices. 6. However if this new context has profoundly changed the milk price system, it has also generated a milk price variability and then uncertainty. The milk price variability has been intensified in link with frequent price change offered by Danone, the rapid development of cheese processing units and the growing demand of milk and milk products (in link with the demography growth) during the last decade (Daburon et al., 2016). 7. By selling more fresh milk, women have saved significant time of home milk processing. This time has been dedicated to domestic tasks or leisure (care of children, watch TV). However, no significant changes on their roles (responsibility and tasks) at the family farm or community level have been identified. At the MCC level, women occupy mainly technical tasks; they are not associated to the MCC management. 8. In summary, the changes perceived by the head of family farms or their wife are profoundly embedded in the rapid evolving context of the milk sector during the last decade. If the DEEP-MCC led to a rise in milk prices and improvements to milk hygienic quality (see chapter 2&3), the main changes have been boosted by the demographic and dietary changes that has deeply changed the milkshed context. (Résumé d'auteur)...

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