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Development of a bead-based multiplexed assay for simultaneous quantification of five bovine cytokines by flow cytometry

Rodrigues V., Baudier J.B., Chantal I.. 2017. Cytometry. Part A, 91 (9) : p. 901-907.

Quantifying cytokines is extremely important in studies of host¿pathogen interactions. Multiplex assays are commercially available but only for human and mouse cytokines. Here a method for the simultaneous quantification of five important bovine cytokines IFN¿, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, and TNFa in cell culture supernatants, using flow cytometry was reported. Functional beads from BD Biosciences expressing specific APC intensity were used. Commercially available antibodies against bovine cytokines were covalently coupled to beads as capture antibodies. Fixed recombinant cytokines were revealed with a second monoclonal antibody coupled with biotin, then revealed with streptavidin¿PE. This complex was analyzed using a standard flow cytometer. Experiments were performed to check no cross reactions had occurred. The limits of detection ranged between 0.08 and 0.4 ng/ml depending on the cytokine, and the linearity between the lower and higher limits was remarkable (R2 >¿99.8%). Finally, native cytokines from cell culture supernatants were tested. Results were compared using the standard ELISA test and showed that concentrations of native cytokine in cell culture supernatants were comparable with the two methods, with a wider dynamic range using beads and flow cytometry than with ELISA assays. Bovine IFN¿, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, and TNFa in culture supernatants can be now simultaneously detected in a single assay, using a standard flow cytometer for both basic and high-throughput analyses. (Résumé d'auteur)

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Méthodes de relevé

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