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Yield analysis as a function of stochastic plant architecture: case of Spilanthes acmella in the wet and dry season.

Vavitsara M.E., Sabatier S.A., Kang M.Z., Ranarijaona H.L.T., De Reffye P.. 2017. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 138 : p. 105-116.

The number of organs produced by a plant varies among the individuals of a population. Taking these variations into account is an important step in understanding phenotypic variability. The aim of this study was to simulate stochastic development and growth in response to environmental change using GreenLab, an organ level functional-structural model. An annual herbaceous species, Spilanthes acmella L., was grown in pots in two climatic conditions corresponding to a wet and a dry season. Detailed records of plant development, plant architecture and organ growth were kept throughout the growing period. The concept of simple and compound organic series was introduced to target data for fitting. The model was calibrated using a mathematical model of stochastic plant development and growth. Here we describe (1) how a stochastic Functional Structural Plant Model is calibrated in two steps by first assessing the functioning parameters of meristems, and second the source-sink parameters of organs by fitting them on average organic series; (2) how dry conditions trigger the response of the plant both in the development of the inflorescence and in the allocation of biomass, quantified by model parameters. The calibration of a stochastic plant model opens a large window of opportunity to capture the common features of plant development and growth among stochastic individuals in a plant population, especially those with a branching structure. This extends the area of application of FSPM to analyzing food plants, or assisting breeding. (Résumé d'auteur)

Thématique : Physiologie végétale : croissance et développement; Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques

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