Publications des agents du Cirad

Cirad

A reference high-density genetic map of greater yam (Dioscorea alata L.)

Cormier F., Lawac F., Maledon E., Gravillon M.C., Nudol E., Mournet P., Vignes H., Chaïr H., Arnau G.. 2019. Theoretical and Applied Genetics : 12 p..

Greater yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is a major staple food in tropical and subtropical areas. This study aimed to produce the first reference genetic map of this dioecious species using genotyping-by-sequencing. In this high-density map combining information of two F1 outcrossed populations, 20 linkage groups were resolved as expected and 1579 polymorphic markers were ordered. The consensus map length was 2613.5 cM with an average SNP interval of 1.68 cM. An XX/XY sex determination system was identified on LG6 via the study of sex ratio, homology of parental linkage groups and the identification of a major QTL for sex determination. Homology with the sequenced D. rotundata is described, and the median physical distance between SNPs was estimated at 139.1 kb. The effects of segregation distortion and the presence of heteromorphic sex chromosomes are discussed. This D. alata linkage map associated with the available genomic resources will facilitate quantitative trait mapping, marker-assisted selection and evolutionary studies in the important yet scarcely studied yam species.

Mots-clés : polymorphisme génétique; igname

Thématique : Génétique et amélioration des plantes

Documents associés

Article de revue

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :