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Resource over-exploitation and running out

Malézieux E., Dabbadie L.. 2019. In : Dury Sandrine (ed.), Bendjebbar Pauline (ed), Hainzelin Etienne (ed.), Giordano Thierry (ed.), Bricas Nicolas (ed.). Food systems at risk. New trends and challenges. Rome : CIRAD, FAO, p. 55-58.

Food systems around the world are highly dependent on both renewable and nonrenewable resources. Drivers such as population growth, urbanisation and climate change put a lot of pressure on resources that have become core issues for the future of food systems. Cropland availability is limited in most parts of the world, adding pressure for cropping intensification. Fossil energy and phosphorus shortages are expected to occur within a few decades, with particular impact in Low-Income (LI) countries where farmers are more vulnerable to volatile prices. The availability of very unevenly distributed freshwater resources shows a similar picture, with an increasing number of regions reaching alarming levels of water scarcity. Some world fish stocks have been overexploited and are now depleted. But the situation is not without hope. While we need to intensify food systems to meet the challenge of a growing population, new ways to produce with less impact on the environment and more resilience to climate change need to be widely adopted.

Mots-clés : accès à la nourriture; accès à la terre; système de production; changement climatique; impact sur l'environnement; démographie; agriculture durable; intensification; sécurité alimentaire; monde

Thématique : Systèmes et modes de culture; Economie de la production; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Nutrition humaine : considérations générales

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