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From policy mix to policy networks: assessing climate and land use policy interactions in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Milhorance C., Bursztyn M., Sabourin E.. 2020. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 22 (3) : p. 381-396.

DOI: 10.1080/1523908X.2020.1740658

In the climate and land use fields, policy mixes are complex in terms of the levels of governance, actors, and roles. They consist of policy instruments that target different actors and address multiple goals across several policy sectors and levels. The analysis of these complex arrangements extends beyond purely technical efficiency criteria, as several sources of tension between instruments may be identified, such as conflicting interests, goals, and approaches to implementation. The proliferation of governance networks complicates the understanding of actors' interactions, the types of authority influencing the outcomes of policy mixes, and importance of different levels of governance. This article provides a framework to address these analytical challenges, particularly the interconnected networks of policy actors and policy instruments. It draws on polycentric governance literature to analyse how power matters in policy networks. This includes identifying distinct types of power, actors' position, and variables that explain patterns of conflict, competition, convergence, and divergence in policy choices and outcomes. The framework is applied to the climate and land use policies implemented in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Several methods were used to clarify these variables and to characterise policy mixes being implemented in the region, including social network analysis.

Mots-clés : changement climatique; utilisation des terres; retrait des terres; politique foncière; gouvernance foncière; réseaux sociaux; mato grosso; brésil

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