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The pattern of anthrax at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in Zimbabwe

Mukarati N.L., Matope G., De Garine-Wichatitsky M., Ndhlovu D.N., Caron A., Pfukenyi D.M.. 2020. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 14 (10) : 20 p..

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008800

Anthrax is an important but neglected zoonosis in southern Africa and elsewhere which occurs naturally in herbivorous wildlife and livestock. Fatal outbreaks in animals are spaced by potentially extended periods of non-activity during which the bacterium is maintained in soil. The ecology of the pathogen in the multi-host system and the environment is still not fully understood. This study investigated the patterns of anthrax in Zimbabwe in order to better understand the occurrence of disease in susceptible wildlife and livestock and hence its control. The study used available data in governmental reports between 1995 and 2018 and structured interviewer-administered questionnaires of local communities in three porous wildlife-livestock-human interface sites where livestock/wildlife interactions were documented from previous researches. Two non-interface sites were also included for comparison based on known previous anthrax outbreaks. Respondents from non-interface sites had significantly higher odds (¿2 = 23.2, OR = 3.5, 2.1

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