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The competitiveness of beef exports from Burkina Faso to Ghana

Rich K.M., Wane A.. 2021. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 8 : 15 p..

DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2021.619044

Despite large volumes of cattle stocks in the Sahel, most exports of cattle products remain as live animal sales rather than meat. However, there is increased interest amongst donors and governments to increase value-added exports of beef. In this paper, we provide results from a simulation analysis that explores the prospective competitiveness and benefits of exporting beef from Burkina Faso to Ghana rather than live animals. The paper reviews trading patterns in live animals along the corridor and meat imports from overseas destinations to Ghana. Model results highlight limited competitiveness of the main products demanded in destination markets (offals). Market segmentation strategies, infrastructure development, and animal productivity all generate marginal improvements in competitiveness, but not enough to compete with third-country supplies. Only specific, largely external macroeconomic conditions provide for significant improvements in competitiveness. The paper further reveals the relatively modest employment gains associated with increased exports of meat in lieu of live animals. The analysis suggests a re-think on large-scale investments in downstream functions in the value chain, instead illustrating the fundamental role of upstream investments in productivity, animal health, and collective action to promote greater market integration between pastoralists and formal sector buyers.

Mots-clés : viande bovine; exportation; Économie agricole; commerce agricole; production de viande; circuit de commercialisation; chaînes de valeur; burkina faso; ghana; compétitivité économique; analyse de la chaîne de valeur

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