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Quantitative trait loci for grain quality, productivity, morphological and agronomical traits in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

Rami J.F., Dufour P., Trouche G., Fliedel G., Mestres C., Davrieux F., Blanchard P., Hamon P.. 1998. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 97 : p. 605-616.

DOI: 10.1007/s001220050936

Quantitative trait loci (QTLS) for grain quality, yield components and other traits were investigated in two Sorghum caudatum x guinea recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. A total of 16 traits were evaluated (plant height, panicle length, panicle compactness, number of kernels/panicle, thousand-kernel weight, kernel weight/panicle, threshing percentage, dehulling yield, kernel flouriness, kernel friability, kernel hardness, amylose content, protein content, lipid content, germination rate and molds during germination and after harvest) and related to two 113- and 100 point base genetic maps using simple (SIM) and composite (CIM) interval mapping. The number, effects and relative position of QTLs detected in both populations were generally in agreement with the distributions, heritabilities and correlations among traits. Several chromosomal segments markedly affected multiple traits and were suspected of harbouring major genes. The positions of these QTLs are discussed in relation to previously reported studies on sorghum and other grasses. Many QTLS, depending on their relative effects and position, could be used as targets for marker-assisted selection and provide an opportunity for accelerating breeding programmes.

Mots-clés : sorghum bicolor; locus; carte génétique; caractère agronomique; chromosome; sélection

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