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Investigation of crude latex from various Carica papaya varieties for lipid bioconversions

Caro Y., Villeneuve P., Pina M., Reynes M., Graille J.. 2000. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 77 (8) : p. 891-901.

DOI: 10.1007/s11746-000-0142-1

The protein contents in crude latices from various varieties of papaya (Carica papaya) and their catalytic activities in proteolysis, lipolysis, and interesterification reactions were studied with regard to the variety, the geographic location of cultures, and the frequency of fruit tapping. Biocatalytic activities of these raw materials were compared to several commercially available crude and purified preparations of papain. These investigations were carried out in order to have a better physicochemical characterization of these raw materials, to select the adequate papaya latex for protein or lipid bioconversions, and to valorize them on an industrial scale. For the purified preparations of papain, only proteolytic activity was obtained. All crude papaya latices exhibit proteolytic, lipolytic, and interesterification activities, and no relationship between the proteolytic and lipolytic activities was observed. The high multiple correlation coefficient (R) on the order of R = 0.93-0.99, obtained from the regression analysis for the lipolytic and interesterification activities for all crude papaya latices investigated suggested that there was a correlation between these enzyme activities. However, for the same lipase preparation, the interesterification activity differed substantially depending on the type of interesterification reaction.

Mots-clés : carica papaya; estérification; protéase; estérase; latex; propriété physicochimique; activité enzymatique; hydrolyse; lipase; interestérification

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

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