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The role of farmer organisations supplying supermarkets with quality food in vietnam

Moustier P., Phan Thi Giac Tam, Dao Thê Anh, Vu Trong Binh, Nguyen Thi Tan Loc. 2007. In : EAAE. 103th Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Adding value to the agro-food supply chain in the future euro mediterranean space, April 23-25, 2007, Barcelona, Spain. s.l. : s.n., 18 p.. EAAE Seminar. 103, 2007-04-23/2007-04-25, Barcelone (Espagne).

The development of supermarkets in Vietnam, as in other emerging countries, goes along with an increasing concern on the part of purchasers for food quality. The paper investigates whether farmer organisations are able to help small-scale farmers get access to supermarkets, and the role that supermarkets and public support play in their emergence and development. It is based on case studies involving a number of stakeholders marketing vegetables, flavoured rice and litchi fruit in Vietnam. Eight farmer associations that work in the form of private commercial organisations are regular supermarket suppliers for the selected products. Their ability to supply supermarkets is related to the combination of functions they make available to their members, especially as regards quality promotion and control, for which they receive public support, as well as their participation in flexible contracts with supermarkets, shops and schools. Supermarket supply through farmer associations increases farmer profits per kilo when compared with traditional chains, yet the quantities supplied to supermarkets are still limited. The paper argues that changes in farmer organisation are not only due to supplying supermarkets, but also to public and international support to food quality improvement, which have been of benefit to supermarkets.

Mots-clés : produit alimentaire; qualité; circuit de commercialisation; supermarché; association d'agriculteurs; organisation paysanne; viet nam

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