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A multiplex single nucleotide polymorphism typing assay for detecting mutations that result in decreased fluoroquinolone susceptibility in Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A

Song Y., Roumagnac P., Weill F.X., Wain J., Dolecek C., Mazzoni C.J., Holt K.E., Achtman M.. 2010. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 65 (8) : p. 1631-1641.

Objectives: Decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones has become a major problem for the successful therapy of human infections caused by Salmonella enterica, especially the life-threatening typhoid and paratyphoid fevers. Methods: By using Luminex xTAG beads, we developed a rapid, reliable and cost-effective multiplexed genotyping assay for simultaneously detecting 11 mutations in gyrA, gyrB and parE of S. enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A that result in nalidixic acid resistance (NalR) and/or decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones. Results: This assay yielded unambiguous single nucleotide polymorphism calls on extracted DNA from 292 isolates of Salmonella Typhi (NalR¼223 and NalS¼69) and 106 isolates of Salmonella Paratyphi A (NalR¼24 and NalS¼82). All of the 247 NalR Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A isolates were found to harbour at least one of the target mutations, with GyrA Phe-83 as the most common one (143/223 for Salmonella Typhi and 18/24 for Salmonella Paratyphi A). We also identified three GyrB mutations in eight NalS Salmonella Typhi isolates (six for GyrB Phe-464, one for GyrB Leu-465 and one for GyrB Asp-466), and mutations GyrB Phe-464 and GyrB Asp-466 seem to be related to the decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility phenotype in Salmonella Typhi. This assay can also be used directly on boiled single colonies. Conclusions: The assay presented here would be useful for clinical and reference laboratories to rapidly screen quinolone-resistant isolates of Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, and decipher the underlying genetic changes for epidemiological purposes. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : typhoïde; santé publique; genre humain; salmonella; europe; afrique; asie; salmonella typhi; salmonella enterica; salmonella paratyphi a

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Autres thèmes; Méthodes de relevé

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