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Cooccurrence of mycotoxins in maize and poultry feeds from Brazil by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

Mendes de Souza M.D.L., Sulyok M., Freitas-Silva O., Soares Costa S., Brabet C., Machinski M., Sekiyama B.L., Azevedo Vargas E., Krska R., Schuhmacher R.. 2013. Scientific World Journal, 2013 (ID 427369) : 9 p..

DOI: 10.1155/2013/427369

The objective of this study was to quantitatively evaluate mycotoxins in samples of maize and poultry feed produced in Brazil. A multimycotoxin method based on HPLC-MS/MS was applied to investigate the occurrence of toxical fungal metabolites in 119 samples collected from poultry feed factory integrated poultry farms: maize grain (74), poultry feed (36), and feed factory residue (9). Twenty of 101 fungal metabolites investigated were detected and quantified in the samples: aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2, fumonisins B1, B2, and B3, hydrolyzed fumonisin B1, zearalenone, agroclavine, chanoclavine, deoxynivalenol, and nivalenol, and enniatin A, A1, B, B1, beauvericin, kojic acid, and moniliformin. Most samples were contaminated with more than one mycotoxin. All samples were contaminated with fumonisins, with medians values of 1,840??g/kg, 239??g/kg, and 23,676??g/kg for maize, feed, and factory residue samples, respectively. Surprisingly, beauvericin was detected in more than 90% of samples. The median contaminations of aflatoxin and trichothecenes were low, near LOD values. The factory residue presented highest contamination levels for all mycotoxins. This is the first study dealing with agroclavine, chanoclavine, enniatin A, A1, B, B1, beauvericin, and kojic acid contamination of maize and poultry feeds from Brazil. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : aliment pour animaux; produit céréalier; maïs; contamination biologique; analyse qualitative; mycotoxine; fumonisine; aflatoxine; trichothécène; chromatographie gaz liquide; hplc; spectrométrie de masse; produit alimentaire; analyse quantitative; aviculture; brésil; parana

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