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Effect of the lactoperoxidase system against three major causal agents of disease in mangoes

Le N'Guyen D.D., Ducamp M.N., Dornier M., Montet D., Loiseau G.. 2005. Journal of Food Protection, 68 (7) : p. 1497-1500.

DOI: 10.4315/0362-028X-68.7.1497

The antibacterial activity of the lactoperoxidase system (LPS) on the growth of Xanthomonas campestris, the causal agent of bacterial black spot in mangoes, Botryodiplodia theobromae, the causal agent of stem-end rot disease in mangoes, and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, the causal agent of anthracnose disease in mangoes, was determined during culture at 30°C and at several pH values (4.5, 5.5, and 6.5). When the results of using the LPS were compared with those from control cultures without the LPS reagents, the growth of the three microorganisms was totally inhibited in all of the conditions tested. Viability tests enumerating cultivable cells of X. campestris showed that the LPS had a bactericidal effect, whatever the pH value. This effect is faster at pH 5.5, corroborating the results reported in the literature (optimal pH for the LPS efficiency). Further, we proved that hydrogen peroxide alone had little inhibition effect on the growth of the microorganisms studied. This compound is essentially used to convert thiocyanate into hypothiocyanate during the lactoperoxidase reaction. The potential of the LPS for the postharvest treatment of the fruits for controlling microbial diseases was thus demonstrated. Nevertheless, further studies are needed on fresh fruits before envisaging any application.

Mots-clés : mangue; maladie des plantes; péroxydase; contrôle de maladies; propriété antimicrobienne; xanthomonas campestris; botryodiplodia theobromae; glomerella cingulata

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