Publications des agents du Cirad


Characterization of Pentadesma butyracea sabine butters of different production regions in Benin

Tchobo P.F., Natta A.K., Baréa B., Barouh N., Piombo G., Pina M., Villeneuve P., Soumanou M.M., Sohounhloue D.C.K.. 2007. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 84 (8) : p. 755-760.

DOI: 10.1007/s11746-007-1102-0

Pentadesma butter (Pentadesma butyracea, sabine, clusiaceae) is an extract of the kernels of tree fruits in West Africa and similar to shea butter. The study of the fatty acid composition, triacylglycerols, sterols and tocopherols of Pentadesma butter was carried out on seeds collected in ten production areas in Benin. The results obtained show that the composition in fatty acids is characterized by the presence of stearic acid and oleic acid, which represent nearly 96% of the total fatty acids. The triacylglycerols profile of the different butters is marked by the overwhelming presence of the triacylglycerols SOS and SOO. The unsaponifiable fraction shows, for the sterolic composition, a predominance of stigmasterol (nearly 68% of the total sterols) whilst the b-tocopherol is the main tocopherol.

Mots-clés : beurre végétal; guttiferae; plante oléagineuse; stérol; tocophérol; teneur en lipides; triglycéride; bénin; pentadesma butyracea

Documents associés

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :